英語翻譯6.As more and more young workers leave their rural homel

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英語翻譯
6.As more and more young workers leave their rural homeland,it is noticeable that the bulk of workforce remaining in the country-side comprises increasingly of women and elderly people.This“feminization of agriculture”was identified in earlier days by Gao Xiaoxian.Those who hold optimistic views emphasize the role and contribution of women in agricultural production and affirm the positive significance of such a fact in the improvement of women’s status.Other researchers point out,however,that lower income from agriculture leads to lower contribution of women,mainly engaged as they are in agriculture production.At the same time,just because agriculture is mainly a feminine job doesn’t mean that women play a leading role in agriculture.“Women work while men command.”Power is still in men’s hands,with women playing the role of an unskilled workforce.What is happening is thus an“agriculturalization”of women rather than a feminization of agriculture.Corresponding to the high percentage of women staying in farm work,those going out include less women than men.Hence the problem of gender choice in migration.Starting from the family as an“interested whole,”some researchers emphasize that gender division of labor is rational.Another view however holds that many of the activities women are engaged in are not assigned them in accordance with the principle of maximization of economic returns,but rather owing to merely cultural conceptions that turn these activities into“female-special”jobs,and the structural constraints determining certain“femalespecial”jobs results in a switch of agriculture from a“male-”to a“female-predominant”pattern.Whenever a certain job yields relatively little,men turn it over to women.With respect to the sluggishness of women’stransfer to nonagricultural jobs,s ome researchers have come up with the concept of a“secondary reservoir,”in the sense that if rural workers can be regarded as a reservoir to meet the need,if any,of society at large for them,rural women serve as a secondary reservoir within the larger one.If transfer and exodus definitely represent access to more resources for development,it can be concluded that in terms of distribution of new resources,women again fare worse than men.
1個回答 分類:英語 2014-12-01

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6 隨著越來越多的年輕人離開農村的家鄉,留在農村的勞動力大部分為女性和老人,這種情況不斷加劇,引起了人們的重視.早些時候,高小賢(音譯)提出了“女性農業”這一概念.持樂觀觀點的人們強調女性在農業生產中的作用和貢獻,堅稱這一事實在提高女性地位方面有積極意義.然而另外一些研究人員指出,農業的低收入導致主要從事農業生產的婦女的低貢獻.同時,僅僅因為農業主要由女性從事并不代表女性在農業領域起主導作用.“女性勞動,男性指揮.”權力依舊掌握在男人的手里,而女性只在無技術勞動中發揮作用.事實上,是“女性農業化”而非“女性農業”.相對于留在田間勞作的高比例女性來說,出外打工的人群中女性少于男性.因此這是移民中性別選擇的問題.從作為利益整體的家庭來說,一些研究者強調勞動力的性別分流是合理的.然而另一觀點認為,婦女參加的許多活動并沒有使她們按照經濟效益最大化原則行事,而是僅僅由于文化概念,使這些活動變成“女性特有”的工作,并且結構限制決定了在從“男性主導 ”轉變為“女性主導"的農業模式中,出現了某些“女性特有”工作的現象.每當某一工作收效甚微的時候,男性就把它們丟給女性.關于女性向非農行業緩慢轉變這一現象,一些研究者提出了”第二儲藏庫“的概念,這個概念是指如果農村勞動力能夠被視為滿足需要的儲藏庫的話,對于他們的整個社會來說,農村婦女就是相對來講的的”第二儲藏庫”.如果轉變和遷移確實是為發展提供更多資源的話,可以說,關于新資源分配,女性的遭遇又要差于男性.
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